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Thread: The Luwian Civilization – The Missing Link in the Aegean Bronze Age ?17 days old

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    Default The Luwian Civilization – The Missing Link in the Aegean Bronze Age ?

    EBERHARD ZANGGER
    The Luwian Civilization – The Missing Link in the Aegean Bronze Age
    https://www.academia.edu/25342860/Th...ean_Bronze_Age

    http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wissen/ge...ht-1.3264411-2

    Recent feedback on the Luwians, largely unknown on the historical chessboard, can now solve some riddles, at least according to Zangger's view. For this group, according to his thesis, formed the mysterious sea peoples, or at least their allies. They settled in western Turkey. The area has remained completely untouched by Bronze Age archeology so far. The Mycenaeans therefore did not proceed to a criminal action against a few one-eyed, but against the central world power, which was hostile to them: the presumably Luwian Troy.
    ----------------------
    http://luwianstudies.org/the-luwians...e-the-luwians/

    Current State of Knowledge

    Possibly due to its vast extent and complicated topography, for thousands of years the majority of western Asia Minor was politically fragmented into many petty kingdoms and principalities. This certainly weakened the region in its economic and political significance, but it also delayed the recognition of a more or less consistent Luwian culture.

    From a linguistics point of view, however, the Luwian culture is relatively well known. From about 2000 BCE Luwian personal names and loanwords appear in Assyrian documents retrieved from the trading town Kültepe (also Kaniš or Neša). Assyrian merchants who lived in Asia Minor at the time described the indigenous population as nuwa’um, corresponding to “Luwians.” At about the same time, early Hittite settlements arose a little further north at the upper Kızılırmak River. In documents from the Hittite capital Hattuša written in Akkadian cuneiform, western Asia Minor is originally called Luwiya. Hittite laws and other documents also contain references to translations into “Luwian language.” Accordingly, Luwian was spoken in various dialects throughout southern and western Anatolia. The language belongs to the Anatolian branch of Indo-European languages. It was recorded in Akkadian cuneiform on the one hand, but also in its own hieroglyphic script, one that was used over a timespan of at least 1400 years (2000–600 BCE). Luwian hieroglyphic ranks, therefore, as the first script in which an Indo-European language is transcribed. The people using this script and speaking a Luwian language lived during the Bronze and Early Iron Age in Asia Minor and northern Syria.
    The Missing Link
    http://luwianstudies.org/the-luwians/the-missing-link/
    Last edited by Skomand; 2017-03-11 at 12:19.

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    Mysterious civilization of 'Sea Peoples' were wiped out by 'world war zero' 3,000 years ago
    Theory proposes Luwian-speaking kingdoms joined to form a coalition
    This coalition then attacked and destroyed the nearby Hittite civilization
    Researchers say Egyptian text describing 'Sea Peoples' is about Luwians
    The Luwians were later destroyed in battle with Mycenaean kings at Troy

    More than 3,000 years ago, the flourishing Bronze Age civilizations of the eastern Mediterranean suddenly met their downfall.

    The Trojan War erupted as one of the final events culminating an era of chaos which one archaeologist has named 'World War Zero', plunging the region into a Dark Age soon after.

    And, it was all begun by a mysterious and powerful civilization which came to be known as the 'Sea Peoples,' a new theory suggests.
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencete...new-study.html

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    Review and critique of Zangger's thesis ( "Troy = Atlantis and the capital of an overlooked Luwian empire")

    Luise Loges

    WAR TROJA DIE HAUPSTADT
    DER SEEVÖLKER?


    Spektrum der Wissenschaft No 12 – Dezember 2016
    --------------------------------------------------
    https://www.academia.edu/23764190/Di..._und_Hethitern

    Eberhard Zangger, Serdal Mutlu und Fabian Müller

    Die Luwier: Bindeglied zwischen Mykenern und Hethitern
    Last edited by Skomand; 2017-03-13 at 00:48.

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    The Luwians: A Lost Civilization Comes Back to Life
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DNyA90f_aw




    It is worth making clear to anyone watching that the material in this presentation is considered fringe by the larger archeological/historical community and makes assertions that contradict long standing conclusions about the Luwians, Troy, the end of the Bronze Age, and so forth. For example, few experts take the notion that the Luwians represented a major power on the scale of Egypt or the Hittites as likely with Luwian just being a family of languages and not a distinct people as such. They also take to task how the presenter seems to pick and choose his sources (such as relying on that medieval source over those of far more ancient origin with better access to the original facts) in order to fit his theory rather than the other way around as good science should do. Of course, this does not mean that the line of research given here should be automatically dismissed or not continued, but no one should make the mistake of thinking this represents the "accepted scholarly opinion" of the subject. Quite the contrary, it is widely seen as "fringe" and needs to do a lot to become the scientific "consensus."

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