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Thread: Facial reconstructions of the Israelites2580 days old

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    Default Facial reconstructions of the Israelites

    http://haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1037262.html

    How white were the Israelites? Facial reconstruction may be surprising

    By Ofri Ilani, Haaretz Correspondent

    No one knows how the Israelites and the Judeans looked or which people they would most closely resemble today. Bible stories and historical essays from the Second Temple Period offer a relatively few descriptions of the Israelites' physical appearance. Whatever descriptions do exist can be interpreted in countless ways. The skeletons uncovered at archaeological digs throughout Israel provide only partial information regarding the appearance of early Land of Israel residents.

    The accepted assumption has been that early Hebrews resembled the people now living in the Middle East or the Mediterranean Basin. However, an Israeli anthropologist researching the question has now made a surprising claim: the subjects of the Kingdom of Judea in the Second Temple Period looked more like black Africans. This theory arose after Prof. Yair Ben David of Tel-Aviv University conducted the first-ever facial reconstruction of its kind.

    The research, conducted with scientists from the Russian Foundation of Fundamental Investigation, was published in the German journal Anthropoligischer Anzeiger. Ben Yair used the skull of a male from the Hellenistic Period and a female from the Roman Period that had been discovered in the Dead Sea region.

    The researchers reconstructed gaps in the skulls and inserted false teeth. They measured the skulls and reconstructed the soft tissue based on earlier research. Using cutting-edge technology, they created two statues they say are quite accurate representations of early Hebrew man and woman.

    Not surprisingly, the appearance of the man is very similar to that of today's Middle Eastern man. The researchers concluded that he belonged to the Mediterranean branch of the Caucasoid group, scientific terminology for what is known as "white."

    However, the woman's appearance was quite surprising. She has a large mouth with a protruding upper lip and a full lower lip. The nose is also prominent with a low bridge. These and other findings led the researchers to determine that while the reconstructed woman was also Caucasoid, she had "equatorial (African)" characteristics.

    The article notes her "high and prominent upper lip, and 'plump' lower lip." The researchers added: "The chin is prominent, high and narrow, protruding outward."

    Ben David highlights the similarities between the two reconstructions and reconstructions of later Jewish populations in Europe. He also compared the early Jews he reconstructed to the average characteristics of modern Jewish populations in Israel, and reached the conclusion that there is a great similarity between the populations.

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    niggaaaaaaaaaaas


    Interesting, I always thought they looked like modern palestinians!

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    How can you build a theory of some ethnic phenotype on one or two skulls?

    Not very scientific, is it. More political than anthropological.

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    If you read the article, the skulls are actually composite averages of several ancient skulls.

    Prof. Kobyliansky keeps two busts in his office. One represents the average face of male Jews in ancient Israel from 332 to 37 B.C.E., and the other represents a composite face of Jewish women from the ancient Roman era (37 B.C.E. to 324 C.E.).

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    Quote Originally Posted by Angharad View Post
    If you read the article, the skulls are actually composite averages of several ancient skulls.
    Yeah but, how did they get their nose and lips right from a few skulls? They didn't even include the hook nose on those sculptures, and I find it difficult to believe the ancient Israelites didn't have hooked noses. I mean come on, all Semitic peoples have their fare share of hooked noses. Somehow I get the feeling they've embellished these facial reconstructions.
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    They used composites as the skeletal material on hand was of poor and damaged quality. I for one am interested in real individuals not composites.

    It is better to use computer programs to put flesh on bones than waste time being the artiste and with computers you can get them any hair type, skin coloration, thicker lips and so on. Doing busts in the artistic style with a dark material is a little misleading. I have seen a few Europeans, what I call Whites are I don't like the term White for basically European people, with darker coloration, straight black hair or woolly hair, could pass as East Asian, or African. There are a lot of overlaps in nose size, hair form, shape of jaw, and lip size to make people look ambiguous with a little color change.

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    Quote Originally Posted by EliasAlucard View Post
    Yeah but, how did they get their nose and lips right from a few skulls? They didn't even include the hook nose on those sculptures, and I find it difficult to believe the ancient Israelites didn't have hooked noses. I mean come on, all Semitic peoples have their fare share of hooked noses. Somehow I get the feeling they've embellished these facial reconstructions.
    Umh... you're kidding, right? Most Jews today don't have hooked noses, let alone 3000 years ago.


    Some more pics for you:




    There's also this reconstruction via Discovery Channel:







    A few Assyrian motifs:





    Judeans continued to serve in the Egyptian army even post-Exodus, so the African linkages were not only long-standing, but multi-directional.

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    The Israelites primarily focused on in the Bible were of Hamitic and Semetic ancestry. They more than likely appeared mulatto, or black by todays standards.

    Jewish anthropologist Maurice Fishberg back in 1911 stated that the Ancient Hebrews of the biblical region possessed largely negroid features such as woolly hair, dark skin, thick lips that folded, large heads, and projecting jaws.

    Judges 3:6 "And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their Gods." (Israelite and Egyptian relations)

    Where ever the tribes settled down they intermixed with the local population. Therefor the Jews in China looked Chinese, the Jews in Poland looked Polish etc.


    Here is the link to Maurice Fishbergs book he sums his findings up on page 181

    http://books.google.com/books?id=AXT...age&q=&f=false

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    Flavius Josephus (Yosef Ben Matityah)


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