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Thread: Taxila Ancient Center of Higher Learning2567 days old

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    Default Taxila Ancient Center of Higher Learning

    Taxila or Takshashila, in modern-day Pakistan, was an early Buddhist centre of learning. According to scattered references which were only fixed a millennium later it may have dated back to at least the 5th century BC.[13] Some scholars date Takshashila's existence back to the 6th century BC.[14] The school consisted of several monasteries without large dormitories or lecture halls where the religious instruction was most likely still provided on an individualistic basis.[15]
    Takshashila is described in some detail in later Jātaka tales, written in Sri Lanka around the 5th century AD.[16]
    It became a noted centre of learning at least several centuries BC, and continued to attract students until the destruction of the city in the 5th century AD. Takshashila is perhaps best known because of its association with Chanakya. The famous treatise Arthashastra(Sanskrit for The knowledge of Economics) by Chanakya, is said to have been composed in Takshashila itself. Chanakya (or Kautilya),[17] the Maurya Emperor Chandragupta[18] and the Ayurvedic healer Charaka studied at Taxila.[19]
    Generally, a student entered Takshashila at the age of sixteen. The Vedas and the Eighteen Arts, which included skills such asarchery, hunting, and elephant lore, were taught, in addition to its law school, medical school, and school of military science.[19]

    Nalanda, ancient center of higher learning in Bihar,India[20][21] from 427 to 1197

    Nalanda was established in the 5th century AD in Bihar, India.[22] Founded in 427 in northeastern India, not far from what is today the southern border of Nepal, it survived until 1197. It was devoted to Buddhist studies, but it also trained students in fine arts, medicine, mathematics, astronomy, politics and the art of war.[23]

    Excavated ruins at Nalanda, Bihar, India1996

    The center had eight separate compounds, 10 temples, meditation halls, classrooms, lakes and parks. It had a nine-story library where monks meticulously copied books and documents so that individual scholars could have their own collections. It had dormitories for students, perhaps a first for an educational institution, housing 10,000 students in the university’s heyday and providing accommodation for 2,000 professors.[24] Nalanda University attracted pupils and scholars from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia and Turkey.
    Further centers include Odantapuri, in Bihar (circa 550 - 1040), Somapura, in Bangladesh(from the Gupta period to the Muslim conquest), Sharada Peeth, Pakistan, Jagaddala, inBengal (from the Pala period to the Muslim conquest), Nagarjunakonda, in Andhra Pradesh, Vikramaśīla, in Bihar (circa 800-1040),Valabhi, in Gujarat (from the Maitrak period to the Arab raids), Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh (8th century to modern times), Kanchipuram, in Tamil Nadu, Manyakheta, in Karnataka, Puspagiri, in Orissa and Ratnagiri, in Orissa.

















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    Nice thread. Incidentally, we have a cinema hall here, named Chanakya, and the diplomatic enclave here is known as Chanakyapuri....! Just incidental mention for this thread.
    Quote Originally Posted by Fact-Finder View Post
    It's like using Leonardo Dicaprio to play Rambo or something.

    http://i1350.photobucket.com/albums/...0.gif~original

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