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Thread: The Cyrus Cylinder - Being Brought to the United States2441 days old

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    Default The Cyrus Cylinder - Being Brought to the United States

    I thought, this would be interest. Iranians were the most tolerant people of the Ancient world. The Cyrus Cylinder is usually thought of the "first declaration of human rights" is coming to the USA.

    The Cyrus Cylinder, 539-538 BC,
    Achaemenid, clay

    For the first time in history, the Cyrus Cylinder, one of the ancient world’s most celebrated artifacts of freedom and human rights, is being brought to the United States for exhibition.

    Housed at the British Museum in London, the Cyrus Cylinder will travel to five major U.S. cities in 2013, in a tour supported by the Iran Heritage Foundation.

    The Cyrus Cylinder will be accompanied in this exhibition by sixteen objects under the title “The Cyrus Cylinder in Ancient Persia.” The exhibition shows the innovations initiated by Persian rule in the Ancient Near East (550 BC-331 BC), when the Persian Empire was then the largest the world had known.

    The tour will debut at the Smithsonian’s Arthur M. Sackler Gallery inWashington D.C. in March 2013 before traveling to the Museum of Fine Artsin Houston, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco, concluding its journey with an eight week stay at the J. Paul Getty Museum at The Getty Villa in Los Angeles fromOctober 2 - December 2, 2013.

    The 2,500 year old Cyrus Cylinder is one of the most celebrated objects to have survived from the ancient world and is often referred to as the first bill of human rights as it appears to free all slaves, encourage freedom of worship throughout the Persian Empire and to allow deported people to return to their homelands.

    In addition to Cyrus’ impact in the ancient world, it is known that Thomas Jefferson and the Founding Fathers of the United States were well aware of Cyrus the Great and his methods of governing when drafting the American Constitution, which may be why the First Amendment in the Bill of Rights, pertains to universal freedoms, including freedom of religion, a right that Cyrus has been credited with being the first to espouse.

    “Freedom is the most treasured of human rights and forms the very heart of what it means to be American,” said Farhad Mohit, Farhang Foundation trustee. “As the Cyrus Cylinder shows, the concept of freedom as a basic human right perhaps originated in ancient Iran. Therefore, this exhibition offers a great opportunity to come together and celebrate our shared cultural values, with everyone in our new home in the United States.”

    Beyond its significance for an American audience, the sweeping vision, humanitarian values and respect for diverse faiths conveyed on the Cyrus Cylinder have made it truly an object of world heritage. In fact, it is so valued by people all around the world as a symbol of religious freedom and multiethnic coexistence that a copy of the Cylinder is on display in the United Nations building in New York.

    Additionally, the Cylinder has been seen by Biblical scholars as corroborative evidence of Cyrus’ policy of the repatriation of the Jewish people after the Persian King freed them from Babylonian captivity. And his kind treatment of the Jewish people is also reported in the Bible, making Cyrus, a Persian King, the only non-Jewish person designated as a Messiah, or divinely appointed leader, in the Torah.

    “Perhaps no other object in the world today dispels so many popular myths, brings together many seemingly divergent cultures and peoples, and focuses all who see it on such unifying humanitarian ideals, as this small clay cylinder from Iran of 2,500 years ago,” said Bita Milanian, executive director of Farhang Foundation, “It is our hope that our community spreads the word about this exhibition, so that as many people as possible learn about the Cyrus Cylinder and come to appreciate true Iranian culture through the lens of our shared ideals.

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