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Thread: Images of the City of Isfahan -2465 days old

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    Default Images of the City of Isfahan -

    ISFAHAN, ancient province and old city in central Iran (Middle Pers. “Spahān,” New Pers. “Eṣfahān”). Isfahan city has served as one of the most important urban centers on the Iranian Plateau since ancient times and has gained, over centuries of urbanization, many significant monuments; a number of Isfahan’s monuments have been designated by UNESCO as world heritage sites. Isfahan city, the capital of Isfahan Province, is located about 420 km south of Tehran, and is Persia’s third largest city (after Tehran and Mashad) with a population of over 1.4 million in 2004. This entry will be divided into the following articles:


    The Isfahan oasis
    , as a prosperous area of agricultural life, eventually fostered the foundation of a major city—one whose strategic location helped it to dominate the entire area of Iran. At a latitude approximately in the middle of Iran, Isfahan is at the maximum degree of east longitude where communications are still easily manageable between the northern and southern parts of the country. Heading north, one reaches—with a slight deviation to the west—the foothills of the Alborz (q.v.) and Tehran, traveling west of the Great Kavir via Qom and several minor basins with infrequent desert stretches. Towards the south, low passes give access to Fars. Westwards, one quickly reaches the most densely populated areas of the Zagros, with extensive dry-farming and heavy rainfall, for which Isfahan is the primary base for controlling tribes, especially, in the modern era, the powerful Baḵtiāri (q.v.) confederation. To the southeast, a long depression within the mountains, nowadays followed by the railroad, easily leads to the large cities of Yazd and Kerman, which mark the main rim of the Zagros.




    With the emergence of the Saljuqids,
    for the first time geopolitical conditions aligned to make Isfahan the capital of a state which, while still formally attached to the caliphs in Baghdad, henceforth exercised full political autonomy (with the title of Sultan given to its leaders) and whose center of gravity was increasingly upon the Iranian plateau. For almost a century, the Saljuqid empire around the “Great Saljuqs” was, strictly speaking, a constellation of Turkish principalities, more or less independent from the main branch, in Anatolia, Syria (Damascus and Aleppo), Iraq, Kermān, and Ḵʷārazm, while the Ghaznavids further southeast were reduced to a state of tributaries. Those emirates on the periphery were faced with external conflicts, but the central dynasty enjoyed a relative calm only disturbed by occasional disputes over succession. Isfahan’s central location facilitated satisfactory control of relations with the more or less vassal states, and at least nominal coordination of the whole empire. It is therefore no surprise that the city was chosen by Ṭoḡrel Beg, who in 442/1050 transported from Ray “all that he possessed in gold, provisions, and arms, to make it his permanent residence” (Ebn al-Aṯir, IX, pp. 17, 234,).



    Shah ʿAbbās I chose Isfahan as a central capital for his empire, which was now established approximately within the present borders of Iran. Factors in his selection included the stabilization of the western border of the empire after the peace of Amasya (962/1555, q.v.), the growing Uzbek menace on the northeast, and the European presence in the Persian Gulf that required a watchful eye on the southern shores. Isfahan remained the capital until its destruction by the Afghans in 1135/1722 (see AŠRAF ḠILZAY). The city was never to have such a status again, since changing strategic considerations to deal with the emerging Russian and Turkmen menace drove the Qajar dynasty at the end of the 18th century to select Tehran (q.v. at iranica.com)


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    Last edited by nk191919; 2012-12-17 at 16:04.



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    Iran seems to be a very beautiful country.
    Sche innam me pepicke keseagu

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    Isfahan From Above


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    The half of the World



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    Quote Originally Posted by Ubirajara View Post
    Iran seems to be a very beautiful country.

    There are certainly cities, regions and parts that are very beautiful. Isfahan is probably the city with the most potential for tourism in Iran.



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    Quote Originally Posted by Ubirajara View Post
    Iran seems to be a very beautiful country.
    I agree.
    It has all the right factors to make it a tourist haven, yet it hasn't totaly been ruined by overcrowding tourists which makes it perfect.

    Sunny weather.

    Beautifull beaches.

    Diverse and interesting culture.

    Long history.

    Its a shame about the politics if not i would have been savin up to go.

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    Gosh.......it is probably the most beautiful area/city/region I have ever seen. Would love to visit it. Amazing. You should go back to the mother-land.
    Quote Originally Posted by Fact-Finder View Post
    It's like using Leonardo Dicaprio to play Rambo or something.

    http://i1350.photobucket.com/albums/...0.gif~original

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    I was born in Ahvaz but spend the later years of my childhood in Esfahan. Truly one of the most beautful cities i've ever seen in my life, and i've travelled alot, around the globe. Ahvaz also has alot of potential, some places are also very nice. Beside Esfahan my favorite city in Iran is Yazd, amazing place. I really miss my country, damn this fascist government that is holding Iran hostage! I wish nothing more than witnessing a free Iran so that i can finally go back. All these years living abroad and not a single day goes by without me thinking of Iran.

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    Last edited by nk191919; 2012-12-19 at 15:26.



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    Quote Originally Posted by nk191919 View Post
    Isfahan
    Thanks very much. It is beautiful. My maternal grandfather grew up in Isfahan.
    I [Nebuchadnezzar] made a trench searching for the old foundation deposits ( . . . ), and I found the foundation of Naram-Sin, the king of Babylon, a remote ancestor, and I did not remove his inscription, but put my own inscription together with his inscription.
    The Pious King: Royal Patronage of Temples
    By Caroline Waerzeggers

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    I love the Irano-Islamic architecture.

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