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    Post Dependency theory

    The premises of dependency theory are that:

    1. Poor nations provide natural resources, cheap labour, a destination for obsolete technology, and markets for developed nations, without which the latter could not have the standard of living they enjoy.

    2. Wealthy nations actively perpetuate a state of dependence by various means. This influence may be multifaceted, involving economics, media control, politics, banking and finance, education, culture, sport, and all aspects of human resource development (including recruitment and training of workers).

    3. Wealthy nations actively counter attempts by dependent nations to resist their influences by means of economic sanctions and/or the use of military force.

    Dependency theory states that the poverty of the countries in the periphery is not because they are not integrated into the world system, or not 'fully' integrated as is often argued by free market economists, but because of how they are integrated into the system. This would introduce a paradoxical effect, in that although both the first and third-world countries are benefiting, the poorer side would be locked into a detrimental economic position. They rely on the rich for the little work that is available to them, yet this causes a barrier from the nation growing independently. In a future perspective, such nations have no opportunity to improve their quality of life.
    here is a video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JN6LlMY2ApQ

    do you believe this is true?

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    There is an argument for this, but the reverse can be true as well. Take all the recent developments in the world over the last few hundred years that makes our lives better. They typically originate from one of the countries that your theory criticizes. Eventually, many of these benefits spread to all peoples. Would you say that people in developing nations are worse off today than they were a few hundred years ago? I am thinking of both quantity (i.e., life expectancy) and quality ( the amenities of life that make things better, such as medicines, running water, sewer systems, education, technology, foodstuffs, etc.). So there is a trickle down effect that benefits all, one that many developing nations could not achieve - or at best - it would take them many generations to do so. One final thought, as an analogy, hasn't there always been, and won't there always be dependent beings, whether individuals, groups or nations? It is human nature that some are more cognitively gifted, assertive, adept or skilled than others. i think the key is what do those who are more gifted do with these gifts? Do they share with those less fortunate or do they keep these people under their control? It may be for utilitarian purposes, but nations like the US share lots of money and resources as aid to other nations.
    Last edited by muso; 2014-02-18 at 14:17.

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    Dependency theory is a useful circuit breaker, when it comes to "inequality proves the system doesn't work" vs. "prosperity will come to those who stick by the system". It tries to construct a broader context for understanding international political economy. The basics behind it are that, economically and institutionally, developed states have integrated developing states into markets and structures, that are to developed states' benefit, which is not to their benefit, but from which they can't untangle themselves. Poorer states have thus become 'dependent' on a system that will keep them poor. This is the whole idea of the Washington Consensus existing in the first place. Developed states have frequently 'involved' themselves in the periphery to their own advantage, whether through economic, political or military means. They do not mind authoritarianism abroad, just as long as it is compliant authoritarianism. Authoritarian leaders in return, as a bonus to core nations, help to keep labour in developing nations supplicant.

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