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Thread: The Luwian Civilization – The Missing Link in the Aegean Bronze Age ?619 days old

  1. #11
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    A new speculation: the "Sea Peoples" were from the south of Italy.

    https://www.swr.de/-/id=20297606/pro...n-20171025.pdf

    The prosperity gap probably triggered the outbreak of violence. The chiefs in
    Southern Italy had to offer their warriors attractive loot again and again, so that they
    were further accepted as leaders. Like a kind of
    "Vikings of the Early Times".
    against the Mycenaean kingdoms.

    and later also
    against the states of the Middle East. Italian warriors, who were there as mercenaries
    were involved, may have taken sides with them

    This theory is not only supported by clay vessels and swords from excavations,
    but also the reliefs in Medinet Habu, at the funeral temple of Pharaoh Ramses

    There are weapons and ships of the attackers
    which Reinhard Jung could trace back to models from Italy

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  3. #12
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    https://luwianstudies.academia.edu/EZangger

    pdf is free if you are registered, also other books by Zangger

    Rediscovered Luwian Hieroglyphic Inscriptions from Western Asia Minor
    by Eberhard Zangger and Fred Woudhuizen
    TALANTA – Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historic Society, 2018
    The estate of the British prehistorian James Mellaart (1925–2012) contained Mellaart’s tracing of several Luwian hieroglyphic inscriptions, including a particular prominent one that was originally drawn by the French archaeologist Georges Perrot in 1878. In search of building materials, peasants in the village of Beyköy, approximately 34 kilometers north of Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey, had retrieved a number of stones from the ground. Together they make up a frieze 29 meters in length and about 35 centimeters in height. Not yet able to read the symbols, Perrot drew the stones in the wrong sequence. After Perrot had recorded the inscription, the villagers installed the stones into the foundation of a newly-built mosque. When Luwian hieroglyphic was deciphered, Perrot’s drawing was meant to be published within the framework of a joint Turkish/US-American research project focusing on thus far unpublished documents that had come into the possession of the Ottoman government during the 19th century. The Turkish archaeologist Uluğ Bahadır Alkım produced a preliminary interpretation of the contents and established the correct sequence of the stones shortly before he died in 1981. – The Beyköy inscription contains 50 phrases and is thus the longest known Bronze Age hieroglyphic document. It outranks by far any documents known from western Anatolia. The inscription was commissioned by great king Kupantakuruntas of Mira. It commemorates his deeds, and in so doing provides a detailed account of his realm and conquests. The text dates back to the upheavals of the Sea Peoples, ca. 1190–1180 BC. It relates the maritime conquests in the eastern Mediterranean under the command of great prince Muksus from the Troad. The western Anatolian naval forces proceeded all the way to Ashkelon in southern Palestine, bordering on Egypt. The memory of this endeavor was preserved in Greek literary tradition in the form of the legendary tales about Mopsos. In short, the Luwian hieroglyphic text from Beyköy gives us a fascinating insight into the history of a region and a period which has thus far been shrouded in darkness. It is reproduced and discussed here together with three more substantial Luwian hieroglyphic documents and four fragments from Mellaart’s estate.

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    This is a lecture that was made before the existence of Luwians was highlighted by Zangger


    1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

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    https://www.ediana.gwi.uni-muenchen.de/news.php

    Etymological Dictionary of the Minor Language Corpora of Ancient Anatolia
    About the project

    The aim of the Digital Philological/Etymological Dictionary of the Minor Language Corpora of Ancient Anatolia is to provide the first exhaustive lexical assessment of the entire corpus of the lesser attested ancient Anatolian languages, i.e. Hieroglyphic and Cuneiform Luwian, Lycian, Carian, Lydian, Palaic, Sidetic and Milyan (Lycian B). This includes the philological documentation of word usage with regard to semantics, grammar and context as well as cultural background and the historical linguistic interrelationships of the minor languages with Hittite and the other Indo-European languages, whereby the methodology of comparative historical linguistics plays an important role. The Digital Philological/Etymological Dictionary of the Minor Language Corpora of Ancient Anatolia is intended to serve as a fundamental resource for Hittitology and for Ancient Anatolian and Ancient Near Eastern Studies as well as for Indo-Europeanists. It will be published online (with multiple search options), printed (print-on-demand) and thus made accessible to a wide public including scholars of many different disciplines and other interested parties.

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