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Thread: Neolithic farmers coexisted with hunter-gatherers for centuries after spreading across Europe254 days old

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    Default Neolithic farmers coexisted with hunter-gatherers for centuries after spreading across Europe

    Neolithic farmers coexisted with hunter-gatherers for centuries after spreading across Europe
    New research shows that early farmers who migrated to Europe from the Near East spread quickly across the continent, where they lived side-by-side with existing local hunter-gatherers while slowly mixing with those groups over time.
    November 08, 2017
    New research answers a long-debated question among anthropologists, archaeologists and geneticists: when farmers first arrived in Europe, how did they interact with existing hunter-gatherer groups? Prior studies have suggested these early Near Eastern farmers largely replaced the pre-existing European hunter-gatherers. Did the farmers wipe out the hunter-gatherers, through warfare or disease, shortly after arriving? Or did they slowly out-compete them over time? The current study, published today in Nature, suggests that these groups likely coexisted side-by-side for some time after the early farmers spread across Europe. The farming populations then slowly integrated local hunter-gatherers, showing more assimilation of the hunter-gatherers into the farming populations as time went
    The Neolithic transition – the shift from a hunter-gatherer to a farming lifestyle that started nearly 10,000 years ago – has been a slowly unraveling mystery. Recent studies of ancient DNA have revealed that the spread of farming across Europe was not merely the result of a transfer of ideas, but that expanding farmers from the Near East brought this knowledge with them as they spread across the continent.

    Numerous studies have shown that early farmers from all over Europe, such as the Iberian Peninsula, southern Scandinavia and central Europe, all shared a common origin in the Near East. This was initially an unexpected finding given the diversity of prehistoric cultures and the diverse environments in Europe. Interestingly, early farmers also show various amounts of hunter-gatherer ancestry, which had previously not been analyzed in detail.
    Last edited by Skomand; 2017-11-10 at 01:38.

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    New samples from Hungary and some Hunter gatherers from Germany

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    This is in alliance with Zelebil's leap frog migration and spread of the LBK; farmers migrated to targeted "pockets" of cultivation, interacted with pre-existing hunter-gatherers and didn't spread out from the pockets until much later.

    A steady slow demic diffusion isn't feasible with the fact that the LBK spread from Hungary to Belgium in under 500 years.

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