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Thread: Gujarati people - Gujarat, India452 days old

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    Default Gujarati people - Gujarat, India

    Gujarati people or Gujaratis (ગુજરાત) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from Gujarat, the westernmost state in India. Famous Gujaratis include Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Morarji Desai, Vikram Sarabhai, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Freddie Mercury, Dhirubhai Ambani, Narendra Modi, and Jamsetji Tata. Gujaratis are very prominent in industry and key figures played an historic role in the introduction of the doctrine of Swaraj and the decisive victory of the 1947 Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.

    Source: Wikipedia
    Last edited by Jade; 2018-06-26 at 23:57.

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    Default Genetics and Anthropology

    Genetically and phenotypically, Gujaratis are predominantly Caucasoid (Ancestral North Indian).

    Genetics
    Although South Asia displays a very high level of indigenous variation, the region subsequently received substantial genetic input from both west and east, dramatically re-shaping its genetic structure. Broadly, South Asian populations are closer to the Caucasus and Central Asian groups rather than to other West Eurasian populations. Pakistanis and Gujaratis in particular carry a preponderance of the “Ancestral North Indian” (ANI) gene pool, contrasting with the ASI or autochthonous population of the Subcontinent [25, 26]. However, our results suggest that this profile is due to multiple dispersals from the north-west, from several distinct sources, rather than just one or two major admixture events in the Neolithic/Bronze Age.
    Source: BioMed


    Source: bioRvix

    Source: PLOS


    Source: PLOS

    Source: BioMed

    Source: NCBI

    According to Eurogenes, Gujaratis carry 40% to 50% Eurasian steppe mixture. The author also comments, “the Gujaratis, unlike South Indian caste groups, are mostly of Indo-Aryan origin. As you can see, they're not much different from the Pathans and Kalash, just more South Asian.”

    Anthropology

    BMC Clinical Pharmocology study
    Indian population comprises of more than 1 billion people. The population is divided into 4 major morphological types – Caucasoid, Mongoloid, Australoid and Negrito. Gujrat (Gujratis) and Rajasthan (Marwadis) belong to the Caucasoid morphological type. All the subjects of the study are actually migrants to the city Mumbai (Bombay). There were 122 Gujratis and 42 Marwadis. The states of Gujrat and Rajasthan share a common boundary and have socio cultural, and linguistic similarities and hence the total sample size was taken as 164 subjects.


    Carleton Coon on Gujaratis
    The Mesolithic culture lasted a long time in some places, these skeletons are probably of quite early date, as they were buried without pottery. … their skulls long and narrow, with a combination of Caucasoid and Australoid features.
    The Bronze Age civilization of the Indus Valley and neighbouring regions is racially documented by fifteen skulls from Mohenjo-Daro, eighty-six from Harappa, and seven from Lotha in Gujarat.
    The seven skulls from Gujarat are sub-brachycephalic, as are the modern Gujaratis, and show no resemblance to the earlier Mesolithic skulls of the same region.

    This material may be interpreted in two different ways. The first is that northwest India was invaded several times from the west and northwest. The second is that Harappa, being a huge city, was inhabited by people of different morphological types drawn from local enclaves in the surrounding countryside, just as in any large city of India today. In any event, when the Aryan invaders arrived a few centuries later, they found the country already racially complex and the northwest, at least, essentially Caucasoid.
    But this generalization need not apply to eastern and southern India. The Neolithic cultures of those regions, probably not much older than the beginning of the Bronze Age of the Indus Valley seems to have been introduced from Southeast Asia.
    (When Coon refers to Northwest India it includes Gujarat.)



    Main phenotypes found in Gujarat
    Last edited by Jade; 2018-06-27 at 02:20.

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    Default Videos







    Videos from Surat (most southeastern part of Gujarat)


    Last edited by Jade; 2018-06-26 at 23:00.

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    Default Crowd Pictures











    Last edited by Jade; 2018-06-26 at 23:07.

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    Crowd pictures continued










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    Default Major Subgroups of Gujaratis

    There are many different communities in Gujarat. The Gujaratis outside Gujarat are mostly from business communities like Baniya and Patel, with fewer members from other communities.

    Ahirs (Yadav)





    Banias/Vaniyas



    Bharwads


    Brahmins


    Charans



    Dalits





    Jains



    Kodis/Kolis (Thakors)
    “The Kolis of Gujarat intermixed with Rajputs due to the practice of hypergamous marriage” Jaffrelot 2003




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    Major subgroups continued

    Muslims

    Wedding videos:



    Mahers/Mers



    Lohanas






    Patels/Patidar (Kurmis/Kunbis)






    Prajapatis (Kumbhars)
    (subdivisions: Gurjar, Varia, Lad, Mistry, Vatalia, Sorathiya, Ajeri, Maru, Khambati)




    Rabaris




    Rajputs



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    Default Traditional clothing of Gujarat














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    Pictures of individuals (continued)





















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